Children and young people with epilepsy tend to have recurrent seizures or fits. Having one seizure doesn’t mean someone has epilepsy.
Seizures are caused by a sudden burst of electrical activity in the brain. This means there is a temporary disruption in the way that messages are passed between brain cells.
There are many different types of epileptic seizure. The type of epileptic seizure a child has depends on which area of their brain is affected.
Epilepsy may result from genetic causes, a severe head injury, birth difficulties, or an infection which affects the brain.
Epilepsy is twice as common in children as in adults (7 per 1000 in children under the age of 16 years).